:

:
  1. I. .
  2. 8
  3. . .
  4. . .
  5. . .
  6. . .
  7. . .
  8. . .
  9. . .

1

:

) : ♀ ♂

G: , ,

, ,

F: __ - 32 - 9/16

_ - 31 - 3/16

_ 31 - 3/16

30-1/16

) : ♀ ♂

G: ,

F: - , -

(12:3:1)

 

2

:

1: ♀ ♂

G:

F1: -

2: ♀ ♂

G: , ,

, ,

F2: __ - 32 - 9/16

_ - 31 - 3/16

_ 31 - 3/16

30-1/16

(12:3:1)

 

3

:

) : ♀ ♂

G: , ,

, ,

F: __ - 32 - 9/16

_ - 31 - 3/16

_ 31 - 3/16

30-1/16

) : ♀ ♂

G: , , , ,

F: , , , , , , ,

. . . . . . . .

5:3

) : ♀ ♂

G: , , ,

F: , , ,

. . . .

, 12:3:1

 

4

:

: ♀ ♂

G: , , ,

F: , , ,

. . .

25%

 

5

:

: ♀ ♂

G: , , , ,

F: , , , , , , ,

. . . . . . . .

 

6

:

) : ♀ ♂

G: , ,

, ,

F: __ - 32 - 9/16

_ - 31 - 3/16

_ 31 - 3/16

30-1/16

, 9:3:4

) : ♀ ♂

G: , , , ,

F: , , ,

, , ,

 

7

:

h

IA=IB>I0

) 1: ♀ IIHh ♂ II0Hh

G: IH, Ih IH, I0H

Ih, I0h

F1: II, II0, IIHh, II0Hh

IIh, II0h, IIhh, II0hh

I .

2: ♀ I I0hh ♂ II0H

G: I h, I0 h I H, I0 H

F2: II h, II0h, I0Ih, I0I0h

IV . I .

) : ♀ IIh ♂ IIh

G: IH, I h IH, Ih

I H, Ih I H, Ih

F: IIH, IIh, IIh, IIhh

IIH, IIh, IIh, IIhh

IIH, IIh, IIH, IIh

IIh, IIhh, IIh, IIhh

25%

) : ♀I0I0h ♂ IIh

G: I0H, I 0h IH, Ih,IH, Ih

F: II0, I0Ih, I0I, II0h

I0Ih, II0hh, I0Ih, I0Ihh

25%

 

8

:

1: ♀ ♂

:

F1: -

2: ♀ ♂

G: , ,

, ,

F2: __ - 32 - 9/16

_ - 31 - 3/16

_ 31 - 3/16

30-1/16

, 9:7

9

:

- -

: ♀ ♂

G: , , , , , ,

F: __ -32 - 9/16

_ 31 - 3/16

_ - 31 - 3/16

30-1/16 -

, 9:3:3:1

 

10

:

: ♀ ♂

G: , ,

, ,

F: __ - 32 - 9/16

_ - 31 - 3/16

_ 31 - 3/16

30-1/16

, 9:3:3:1

 

11

:

) : ♀ ♂

G: , , , , , ,

F: __ - 32 - 9/16

_ - 31 - 3/16

_ 31 - 3/16

30-1/16

) : ♀ ♂

G: ,

F: ,

9:3:3:1

 

12

: 1, 2 ,

1, 2 ,

: ♀ 1 12 21 12 2

G: 12, 12 12, 12

12, 12 12, 12

F: 1 _2 _ 9/16 -

1 _ 22 3/16 -

112 _ 3/16 -

1122 1/16

, 15:1

 

13

: 1,2,3 ,

1,2,3 ,

) 1 12 23 3 - 180

1 12 2 3 3 - 150

1 12 23 3 165

180 150 = 30 30: 6 = 5

) : ♀ 1122 33 1122 33

G: 123 123 123

123 123

123 123

123 123

F: 11 22 33 165, 1122 33 160

11 22 33 160, 1122 33 155

1122 33 155, 1122 33 150

1122 33 160, 11 22 33 155

 

14

: 1,2 ,

1,2 ,

: ♀ 11 2211 22

G: 12 , 1 2 12, 12, 1 2, 12

F: 11 22

11 22

11 22 -

11 22

11 22 -

11 22 -

11 22 -

11 22 -

 

15

:

1: ♀ ♂

G:

F1: -

2: ♀ ♂

G: , , , , , ,

F2: __ -32 - 9/16

_ - 31 - 3/16

_ 31 - 3/16

30-1/16

, 9:3:3:1

 

16

:

1. : ♀ ♂

G:

F: -

2. : ♀ ♂

G: , , , , , ,

F: __ - 32 - 9/16

_ - 31 - 3/16

_ 31 - 3/16

30-1/16

, 9:3:3:1

 

17

: ( )

1. : ♀ ♂

G:

F:

2. : ♀ ♂

G: , , , , , ,

F: __ - 32 - 9/16

_ - 31 - 3/16

_ 31 - 3/16

30-1/16

, 9:7

 

18

:

1: ♀ ♂

G:

F1: -

2: ♀ ♂

G: , , , , , ,

F2: __ - 32 - 9/16

_ - 31 - 3/16

_ 31 - 3/16

30-1/16

, 12:3:1

 

19

:

: ♀ ♂

G: , , , , , ,

F: __ - 32 - 9/16

_ - 31 - 3/16

_ 31 - 3/16

30-1/16

, 9:3:4

 

20

: R1, R2, R3 ,

r1, r2, r3 ,

1: ♀ r1r1 r2r2 r3r3 ♂ R1R1R2R2 R3R3

G: r1r2r3 R1R2R3

F1: R1r1 R2r2 R3r3

2: ♀ R1r1 R2r2 R3r3 ♂ R1r1 R2r2 R3r3

G: R1R2R3, r1R2R3, R1R2R3, r1R2R3,

R1R2r3, r1R2r3, R1R2r3, r1R2r3,

R1r2r3, r1r2r3, R1r2r3, r1r2r3,

R1r2R3, r1r2R3 R1r2R3, r1r2R3

F2: R1 _R2 _R3_ - 33 = 27/64

R1 _R2 _ r3r3 32 = 9/64

R1 _ r2r2 r3r3 31 = 3/64

R1 _ r2r2 R3_ 32 = 9/64

r1r1 R2 _R3_ - 32 = 9/64

r1r1 R2 _r3r3 - 31 = 3/64

r1r1 r2r2 R3 _ - 31 = 3/64 -

r1r1 r2r2 r3r3- 30 = 1/64

, 1:64


: 2015-12-15 | : 482 |







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