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  1. A Visit to the Dentist
  4. Whitening dentist toothpick mouthwash
General Dentist a is not a recognized dental specialty. Dentists of any dental specialty may offer sedation services to their patients, if they have the required training and proper licensing for the type of dental sedation they provide.
Endodontist b are dental specialists who study the nature of the diseases altering and affecting all the oral structures (teeth, lips, cheeks, jaw bones) as well as parts of the face and neck. In most cases you will not visit an oral pathologist, but your dentist will send them any questionable tissue sample for biopsy.
Oral Pathologist c is dentist specialists dealing with the restoration of damaged teeth and the replacement of missing teeth. Prosthodontists use prosthetic devices as dental implants, crowns and bridges, partial dentures and complete dentures to replace the missing or extracted teeth.
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon d are the specialists in children's dentistry. Having been specially trained in child psychology and development, they can handle the fears and needs of children from birth through adolescence. The pedodontist is the first dentist that a child will see. Preventive care is an important part of the pedodontist's practice. Pediatric dentists get also additional training for the proper care of patients with special needs who demonstrate mental, physical, and/or emotional problems.
Orthodontist e Most people go to this kind of dentist for the majority of their dental needs. General dentists are the standard family practitioner, providing preventative care, diagnostics and basic treatments. They take care of all kinds of patients, young and old, from baby to wisdom teeth. A general dentist will refer you to a dental specialist if you have a dental condition that needs specialized care.
Pediatric Dentist (Pedodontist) f offer a variety of services to enhance the appearance of your smile. The dentist can properly analyze the aesthetic needs of each patient and design the correct treatment plan for optimum and balanced aesthetic results. Treatment may include tooth whitening, veneers, tooth bonding, orthodontics and more. For some of these the cosmetic dentist may refer you to another dental specialist.
Periodontist g is a dental specialist who designs and applies corrective appliances such as braces, retainers, etc. to realign crooked teeth and correct malocclusion or bite irregularities. Teeth can be straightened at any age. Although it is most common (and easier) to do so in the early teen years, modern innovations in braces (clear braces, accelerated orthodontics etc.) have made orthodontic treatment popular with adults too.
Prosthodontist h Dentists with the specialty of oral and maxillofacial surgeon diagnose and surgically treat diseases, defects or injuries of the mouth, head and neck. Most patients think of oral surgeons removing wisdom teeth, and this is indeed one of the most common procedures they perform. But they are involved with many other treatments such as of temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJD), oral cancer, birth defects and more. In accident cases they help restructuring broken bones of the face and jaw. Working with other specialists such as cosmetic dentists and orthodontists, they adjust and realign jaw bones for improved esthetics or function. They are also skilled in placing dental implants to substitute the root part of missing teeth.
Sedation Dentist i is a dental specialist who deals with the diseases affecting the soft tissues inside the tooth. These nerves and blood vessels help keep the tooth alive. The most common procedure the endodontist performs is known as root canal therapy; it involves removal of the infected tissue inside the tooth, sterilizing the pulp chamber and root canals, and filling the entire internal cavity with a special filling material.
Cosmetic Dentist j diagnoses and treats diseases of the gums and supporting bone surrounding the teeth. Periodontists are experts at treating gum disorders as gingivitis and the more destructive gum disease known as periodontitis. The periodontist is a dental specialist also involved with the placement of implants for areas of missing teeth and can surgically make changes in the gum tissue for a more natural gum smile line




Exercise 12: Listen to the “Learn About the Teeth”


Write down all the terms which occur in the video and translate them into the Russian.


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