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THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE

Прочитайте:
  1. Delcanho R.E GraffRadford SB Chrome paroxysmal hemiciania presenting as toothache J Orofacial Pain 7 300 1993
  2. Grammar. Future Tenses
  3. I. Open the brackets using the verbs in appropriate tense forms.
  4. Joseph H. Brown, Dana N. Qiristensen
  5. PRESENT CONTINUOUS ACTIVE (НАСТОЯЩЕЕ ДЛИТЕЛЬНОЕ ВРЕМЯ)
  6. THE FUTURE PERFECT TENSE
  7. THE PAST PERFECT TENSE
Утвердительная форма Отрицательная форма Вопросительная форма
I have worked He has worked Shehas worked It has worked We have worked You have worked Theyhave worked I have not worked He has not worked Shehas not worked It has not worked We have not worked You have not worked They have not worked HaveIworked? Hasheworked? Hassheworked? Hasitworked? Haveweworked? Haveyouworked? Havethey worked?

Мы используем:

I. Когда мы говорим о прошедших действиях и хотим подчеркнуть их ВАЖНОСТЬ в настоящем, а не ВРЕМЯ, когда они произошли.

e.g. We have cleaned the house. The house is cleaned now.

Мы убрали в доме. Дом чистый сейчас.

( Неважно, когда мы убрали дом, главное, что он чистый.)

II. Когда мы говорим о действиях, завершившихся в неистекший период времени.

Today – сегодня

This week– на этой неделе

This month– в этом месяце

e.g. What have you done this month? -Что вы сделали в этом месяце?

III. Когда мы говорим о действиях, которые начались в прошлом и продолжаются в настоящем.

Since– с

For– в течение

e.g. Helen has playedthe piano since she was 5. - Хелен играет на пианино с 5 лет.

IV. Когда мы говорим о действиях, которые произошли только что, когда-либо, уже или не происходили никогда.

e.g. I havealready wateredthe flowers.-Я уже полил цветы.

СЛОВА-СПУТНИКИ:

¢ Ever – когда-либо

¢ Never – никогда

¢ Just – только что

¢ Before – раньше, прежде

¢ Already – уже

¢ Yet – ещё, уже (в отрицательных и вопросительных предложениях)

e.g. Haveyou ever beento the USA?

No, I havenever beento the USA.

Exercise 19.Put the verb in brackets into the Present Perfect Tense.

1. I (to eat) my breakfast. 2. We (to drink) water. 3. He (to bring) them some meat and veg­etables. 4. You (to put) the dishes on the table. 5. They (to have) tea. 6. She (to take) the dirty plates from the table. 7. The children (to put) on their coats. 8. The pupils (to write) a dicta­tion. 9. My friend (to help) me to solve a diffi­cult problem. 10. I (to learn) a poem. 11. She (to tell) them an interesting story. 12. Kate (to sweep­) the floor. 13. The waiter (to put) a bottle of lemonade in front of him. 14. Susan (to make) a new dress for her birthday party. 15. She (to open­) a box of chocolates.

Exercise 20.Open the brackets using Present Perfect Tense. Make negative and interrogative sentences.

1. We have just (to talk) about it.

2. He has just (to say) some­thing about it.

3. He has (to tell) us nothing about it.

4. She has (to tell) them some stories about dogs.

5. We have (to have) two lessons today.

6. She has not (to speak) yet.

7. They have (to ask) me several ques­tions.

8. He has already (to learn) the rule.

9. Have you (to read) any stories by Jack London?

10. Who has (to write) this article?

11. We have already (to learn) a lot of English words.

12. Who has (to teach) you to do it?

13. He has just (to do) something for us.

14. Have you (to find) the book?


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